A thyroid disorder, or abnormal thyroid, occurs when the thyroid gland fails to function normally. It secretes thyroid hormones that help regulate the body’s metabolism. Thyroid disorders may occur when your gland fails to produce thyroid hormone (hypothyroidism) or secretes an excessive hormone (hyperthyroidism). In such cases, your doctor would prefer putting you on thyroid medications. For instance, levothyroxine for hypothyroidism.
Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) is one of the most commonly advised treatments for hypothyroidism, aka an underactive thyroid. Patients with hypothyroidism are advised thyroid hormone replacement therapy, which includes a drug such as Levothyroxine (Generic Synthroid). It is nothing but an artificial thyroid hormone. It is the first line of treatment for patients with an underactive thyroid. For hyperthyroidism, patients need a different medication known as Thiamazole.