Various pathogenic bacteria are responsible for bacterial infections that produce signs and symptoms, such as fever, vomiting, diarrhea, fatigue, headache, abdominal pain, and many more depending on the microbial invasion. Few bacteria can make a person ill and they proliferate rapidly in the human body, and many of them secrete certain toxins that can damage the tissue. Common microbes that lead to bacterial infections are Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, E. coli, Salmonella and Vibrio cholera. The standard treatment for bacterial infections is antibiotic medications.
Generally, antibiotics have two important actions viz. bactericidal and bacteriostatic which destroys the germ and inhibits the bacterial growth respectively. Usually, antibiotics are given for certain period of time to eliminate the infection completely. One should be very careful while taking antibiotics for bacterial infection because there is a great chance of antibiotic-resistance, wherein the antibiotic fails to eliminate the pathogenic microbes. Therefore, it is highly recommended to consult the healthcare advisor before planning to undergo antibacterial therapy.