Saturday, November 18, 2017 12:20

Contraception Methods That Everyone Should Know

Posted by on Tuesday, June 30, 2009, 23:41
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contraception-methodsContraception is the process to protect the unwanted pregnancy with the use of drugs, devices, or surgery. Many a times due to the lamentable knowledge of contraception we fail to protect the unwanted pregnancy and then we have to face the further problems. I would suggest that everyone should know about the different contraception methods in detail so that next we don’t make the mistake at least unknowingly. Contraception is the age old technique and has been used through the centuries to avoid pregnancy. You would be surprised to know that contraception methods are being followed from the time of B.C. (before Christ), so we should not at feel ashamed or embarrassed to use any of the contraception methods. Here, is the list of the contraception methods that can be used to avoid unwanted pregnancy:

1. Male Condoms: Male condoms are one of the easiest ways of contraception. The safety rate of the male condoms I considered to be around 85%. It is most preferred way of contraception because it is easy to use and available at very low costs. Male condoms also protect you from the HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitter diseases.

2. Spermicides: It is a substance that is useful to kill the sperms that cause the pregnancy. The most common used spermicide is nanoxynol-9. It is used by inserting the powder of this spermicide inside the woman’s vagina. Spermicides are very efficient contraception methods because once you use it properly no chances of pregnancy can occur.

3. Copper-T: Copper-T is the Intrauteriene device (IUD) that stops the sperms from reaching the egg. It is fitted inserted high in the uterus by a physician and provides perfect protection from the unwanted pregnancy. This method is being approved by the FDA to be used for 4 years, but you need to change the Copper-T after 4 years. The success rate is very high above 95%.

4. Female Condoms: This is newest method of the contraception. It is worn by the women by inserting it inside the vaginal opening. Female condoms are polyurethane sheath or pouch that stops the sperms from entering into the egg. They are similar to the male condoms, but the safety they provide is not so good. Contraception rate is just about 45% as there are high chances that sperms may pass through the side of the sheath.

5. Contraception Pills: This is the best method of contraception. The success rate is almost 100%. No pregnancy is reported if you have taken contraceptive pills according to the prescribed dosage. The few pills are like you need to take them daily whereas other provides the instant protection within 72 hours of unprotected sex. Contraceptive pills are best to be taken after contacting with the doctor because he may be best person to suggest the dosage and time to be take the pills. There are some pills that works as an emergency contraceptive pills, which you can take without consulting to the doctor, but at your own risk.

6. Withdrawal Method: This is the oldest methods to prevent pregnancy. In this method you should withdraw the penis from the vagina before the ejaculation. Many a times men fail to do it as they are in the most passionate moment of their life. As a result pregnancy is not protected. I would rather suggest using some other method of protection than using withdrawal method.

7. Vasectomy: Vasectomy is the method of the sterilization of the men. This is the permanent method of contraception. After this surgery men are never able to make women pregnant. Bit of harsh method of contraception, and men try to stay away from it. This method makes men impotence. This method involves cutting of 2 tubes called vas deferens so that sperm can no longer get into semen. Success rate is 100%.

8. Vaginal Ring: It is thin, flexible, and transparent ring that is inserted inside the vaginal opening. It should be kept in the vagina at least for 3 weeks. Vaginal ring slowly releases estrogen and progestin hormones that stop ovulation by putting a barrier. Sperms fail to reach the egg. You can enjoy the sex without any fear of pregnancy for a month by using vaginal ring. The success rate is 90% to 92%.

9. Diaphragms and Caps: Diaphragms and caps are inserted into the vagina to prevent the sperms from meting the egg. The diaphragm is a soft, shallow rubber dome that is flexible. It covers the cervix. Caps are the small rubber caps that are fitted in Vagina to prevent the transport of the sperms to the egg. You need to consult your family physician if you want to use any of these contraception methods.

10. DPMA Injections: These injections are available into 2 forms: Depo-Provera and Depo-Rolevera. DPMA injections contain the hormone progesterone that prevents the ovulation by blocking the sperms to reach the egg. They thicken the mucus made by the cervix and cause changes in the lining of the uterus, thus, it gets unsuitable for the fertilized egg to stick to it and grow further.

So, these are the variety of the contraception methods available. Please consult your doctor before using any of these contraception methods.

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